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RFC 2621
RADIUS Accounting Server MIB.
G. Zorn, B. Aboba. June 1999.

 
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Network Working Group G. Zorn Request for Comments: 2621 B. Aboba Category: Informational Microsoft June 1999 RADIUS Accounting Server MIB Status of this Memo This memo provides information for the Internet community. This memo does not specify an Internet standard of any kind. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. Copyright Notice Copyright (C) The Internet Society (1999). All Rights Reserved. Abstract This memo defines a set of extensions which instrument RADIUS accounting server functions. These extensions represent a portion of the Management Information Base (MIB) for use with network management protocols in the Internet community. Using these extensions IP-based management stations can manage RADIUS accounting servers. 1. Introduction This memo defines a portion of the Management Information Base (MIB) for use with network management protocols in the Internet community. In particular, it describes managed objects used for managing RADIUS accounting servers. RADIUS accounting servers are today widely deployed by dialup Internet Service Providers, in order to provide accounting services. As a result, the effective management of RADIUS accounting servers is of considerable importance. 2. The SNMP Management Framework The SNMP Management Framework presently consists of five major components: o An overall architecture, described in RFC 2571 [1]. o Mechanisms for describing and naming objects and events for the purpose of management. The first version of this Structure of Management Information (SMI) is called SMIv1 and described in Zorn & Aboba Informational [Page 1]
RFC 2621 RADIUS Accounting Server MIB June 1999 STD 15, RFC 1155 [2], STD 16, RFC 1212 [3] and RFC 1215 [4]. The second version, called SMIv2, is described in STD 58, RFC 2578 [5], RFC 2579 [6] and RFC 2580 [7]. o Message protocols for transferring management information. The first version of the SNMP message protocol is called SNMPv1 and described in STD 15, RFC 1157 [8]. A second version of the SNMP message protocol, which is not an Internet standards track protocol, is called SNMPv2c and described in RFC 1901 [9] and RFC 1906 [10]. The third version of the message protocol is called SNMPv3 and described in RFC 1906 [10], RFC 2572 [11] and RFC 2574 [12]. o Protocol operations for accessing management information. The first set of protocol operations and associated PDU formats is described in STD 15, RFC 1157 [8]. A second set of protocol operations and associated PDU formats is described in RFC 1905 [13]. o A set of fundamental applications described in RFC 2573 [14] and the view-based access control mechanism described in RFC 2575 [15]. Managed objects are accessed via a virtual information store, termed the Management Information Base or MIB. Objects in the MIB are defined using the mechanisms defined in the SMI. This memo specifies a MIB module that is compliant to the SMIv2. A MIB conforming to the SMIv1 can be produced through the appropriate translations. The resulting translated MIB must be semantically equivalent, except where objects or events are omitted because no translation is possible (use of Counter64). Some machine readable information in SMIv2 will be converted into textual descriptions in SMIv1 during the translation process. However, this loss of machine readable information is not considered to change the semantics of the MIB. 3. Overview The RADIUS accounting protocol, described in [16], distinguishes between the client function and the server function. In RADIUS accounting, clients send Accounting-Requests, and servers reply with Accounting-Responses. Typically NAS devices implement the client function, and thus would be expected to implement the RADIUS accounting client MIB, while RADIUS accounting servers implement the server function, and thus would be expected to implement the RADIUS accounting server MIB. Zorn & Aboba Informational [Page 2]
RFC 2621 RADIUS Accounting Server MIB June 1999 However, it is possible for a RADIUS accounting entity to perform both client and server functions. For example, a RADIUS proxy may act as a server to one or more RADIUS accounting clients, while simultaneously acting as an accounting client to one or more accounting servers. In such situations, it is expected that RADIUS entities combining client and server functionality will support both the client and server MIBs. 3.1. Selected objects This MIB module contains thirteen scalars as well as a single table: (1) the RADIUS Accounting Client Table contains one row for each RADIUS accounting client that the server shares a secret with. Each entry in the RADIUS Accounting Client Table includes eleven columns presenting a view of the activity of the RADIUS accounting server. 4. Definitions RADIUS-ACC-SERVER-MIB DEFINITIONS ::= BEGIN IMPORTS MODULE-IDENTITY, OBJECT-TYPE, OBJECT-IDENTITY, Counter32, Integer32, IpAddress, TimeTicks, mib-2 FROM SNMPv2-SMI SnmpAdminString FROM SNMP-FRAMEWORK-MIB MODULE-COMPLIANCE, OBJECT-GROUP FROM SNMPv2-CONF; radiusAccServMIB MODULE-IDENTITY LAST-UPDATED "9906110000Z" -- 11 Jun 1999 ORGANIZATION "IETF RADIUS Working Group." CONTACT-INFO " Bernard Aboba Microsoft One Microsoft Way Redmond, WA 98052 US Phone: +1 425 936 6605 EMail: bernarda@microsoft.com" DESCRIPTION "The MIB module for entities implementing the server side of the Remote Access Dialin User Service (RADIUS) accounting protocol." REVISION "9906110000Z" -- 11 Jun 1999 DESCRIPTION "Initial version as published in RFC 2621" Zorn & Aboba Informational [Page 3]
RFC 2621 RADIUS Accounting Server MIB June 1999 ::= { radiusAccounting 1 } radiusMIB OBJECT-IDENTITY STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The OID assigned to RADIUS MIB work by the IANA." ::= { mib-2 67 } radiusAccounting OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= {radiusMIB 2} radiusAccServMIBObjects OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { radiusAccServMIB 1 } radiusAccServ OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { radiusAccServMIBObjects 1 } radiusAccServIdent OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SnmpAdminString MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The implementation identification string for the RADIUS accounting server software in use on the system, for example; `FNS-2.1'" ::= {radiusAccServ 1} radiusAccServUpTime OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX TimeTicks MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "If the server has a persistent state (e.g., a process), this value will be the time elapsed (in hundredths of a second) since the server process was started. For software without persistent state, this value will be zero." ::= {radiusAccServ 2} radiusAccServResetTime OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX TimeTicks MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "If the server has a persistent state (e.g., a process) and supports a `reset' operation (e.g., can be told to re-read configuration files), this value will be the time elapsed (in hundredths of a second) since the server was `reset.' For software that does not have persistence or does not support a `reset' operation, Zorn & Aboba Informational [Page 4]
RFC 2621 RADIUS Accounting Server MIB June 1999 this value will be zero." ::= {radiusAccServ 3} radiusAccServConfigReset OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { other(1), reset(2), initializing(3), running(4)} MAX-ACCESS read-write STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Status/action object to reinitialize any persistent server state. When set to reset(2), any persistent server state (such as a process) is reinitialized as if the server had just been started. This value will never be returned by a read operation. When read, one of the following values will be returned: other(1) - server in some unknown state; initializing(3) - server (re)initializing; running(4) - server currently running." ::= {radiusAccServ 4} -- New Stats proposed by Dale E. Reed Jr (daler@iea.com) radiusAccServTotalRequests OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of packets received on the accounting port." ::= { radiusAccServ 5 } radiusAccServTotalInvalidRequests OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of RADIUS Accounting-Request packets received from unknown addresses." ::= { radiusAccServ 6 } radiusAccServTotalDupRequests OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of duplicate RADIUS Accounting-Request Zorn & Aboba Informational [Page 5]
RFC 2621 RADIUS Accounting Server MIB June 1999 packets received." ::= { radiusAccServ 7 } radiusAccServTotalResponses OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of RADIUS Accounting-Response packets sent." ::= { radiusAccServ 8 } radiusAccServTotalMalformedRequests OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of malformed RADIUS Accounting-Request packets received. Bad authenticators or unknown types are not included as malformed Access-Requests." ::= { radiusAccServ 9 } radiusAccServTotalBadAuthenticators OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of RADIUS Accounting-Request packets which contained invalid Signature attributes." ::= { radiusAccServ 10 } radiusAccServTotalPacketsDropped OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of incoming packets silently discarded for a reason other than malformed, bad authenticators, or unknown types." ::= { radiusAccServ 11 } radiusAccServTotalNoRecords OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of RADIUS Accounting-Request packets which were received and responded to but not recorded." Zorn & Aboba Informational [Page 6]
RFC 2621 RADIUS Accounting Server MIB June 1999 ::= { radiusAccServ 12 } radiusAccServTotalUnknownTypes OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of RADIUS packets of unknowntype which were received." ::= { radiusAccServ 13 } -- End of new radiusAccClientTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF RadiusAccClientEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The (conceptual) table listing the RADIUS accounting clients with which the server shares a secret." ::= { radiusAccServ 14 } radiusAccClientEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX RadiusAccClientEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "An entry (conceptual row) representing a RADIUS accounting client with which the server shares a secret." INDEX { radiusAccClientIndex } ::= { radiusAccClientTable 1 } RadiusAccClientEntry ::= SEQUENCE { radiusAccClientIndex Integer32, radiusAccClientAddress IpAddress, radiusAccClientID SnmpAdminString, radiusAccServPacketsDropped Counter32, radiusAccServRequests Counter32, radiusAccServDupRequests Counter32, radiusAccServResponses Counter32, radiusAccServBadAuthenticators Counter32, radiusAccServMalformedRequests Counter32, radiusAccServNoRecords Counter32, radiusAccServUnknownTypes Counter32 } radiusAccClientIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (1..2147483647) Zorn & Aboba Informational [Page 7]
RFC 2621 RADIUS Accounting Server MIB June 1999 MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A number uniquely identifying each RADIUS accounting client with which this server communicates." ::= { radiusAccClientEntry 1 } radiusAccClientAddress OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX IpAddress MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The NAS-IP-Address of the RADIUS accounting client referred to in this table entry." ::= { radiusAccClientEntry 2 } radiusAccClientID OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SnmpAdminString MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The NAS-Identifier of the RADIUS accounting client referred to in this table entry. This is not necessarily the same as sysName in MIB II." ::= { radiusAccClientEntry 3 } -- Server Counters -- -- Requests - DupRequests - BadAuthenticators - MalformedRequests - -- UnknownTypes - PacketsDropped - Responses = Pending -- -- Requests - DupRequests - BadAuthenticators - MalformedRequests - -- UnknownTypes - PacketsDropped - NoRecords = entries logged radiusAccServPacketsDropped OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of incoming packets received from this client and silently discarded for a reason other than malformed, bad authenticators, or unknown types." ::= { radiusAccClientEntry 4 } radiusAccServRequests OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only Zorn & Aboba Informational [Page 8]
RFC 2621 RADIUS Accounting Server MIB June 1999 STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of packets received from this client on the accounting port." ::= { radiusAccClientEntry 5 } radiusAccServDupRequests OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of duplicate RADIUS Accounting-Request packets received from this client." ::= { radiusAccClientEntry 6 } radiusAccServResponses OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of RADIUS Accounting-Response packets sent to this client." ::= { radiusAccClientEntry 7 } radiusAccServBadAuthenticators OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of RADIUS Accounting-Request packets which contained invalid authenticators received from this client." ::= { radiusAccClientEntry 8 } radiusAccServMalformedRequests OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of malformed RADIUS Accounting-Request packets which were received from this client. Bad authenticators and unknown types are not included as malformed Accounting-Requests." ::= { radiusAccClientEntry 9 } radiusAccServNoRecords OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only Zorn & Aboba Informational [Page 9]
RFC 2621 RADIUS Accounting Server MIB June 1999 STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of RADIUS Accounting-Request packets which were received and responded to but not recorded." ::= { radiusAccClientEntry 10 } radiusAccServUnknownTypes OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of RADIUS packets of unknown type which were received from this client." ::= { radiusAccClientEntry 11 } -- conformance information radiusAccServMIBConformance OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { radiusAccServMIB 2 } radiusAccServMIBCompliances OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { radiusAccServMIBConformance 1 } radiusAccServMIBGroups OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { radiusAccServMIBConformance 2 } -- compliance statements radiusAccServMIBCompliance MODULE-COMPLIANCE STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The compliance statement for accounting servers implementing the RADIUS Accounting Server MIB." MODULE -- this module MANDATORY-GROUPS { radiusAccServMIBGroup } OBJECT radiusAccServConfigReset WRITE-SYNTAX INTEGER { reset(2) } DESCRIPTION "The only SETable value is 'reset' (2)." ::= { radiusAccServMIBCompliances 1 } -- units of conformance radiusAccServMIBGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS {radiusAccServIdent, radiusAccServUpTime, Zorn & Aboba Informational [Page 10]
RFC 2621 RADIUS Accounting Server MIB June 1999 radiusAccServResetTime, radiusAccServConfigReset, radiusAccServTotalRequests, radiusAccServTotalInvalidRequests, radiusAccServTotalDupRequests, radiusAccServTotalResponses, radiusAccServTotalMalformedRequests, radiusAccServTotalBadAuthenticators, radiusAccServTotalPacketsDropped, radiusAccServTotalNoRecords, radiusAccServTotalUnknownTypes, radiusAccClientAddress, radiusAccClientID, radiusAccServPacketsDropped, radiusAccServRequests, radiusAccServDupRequests, radiusAccServResponses, radiusAccServBadAuthenticators, radiusAccServMalformedRequests, radiusAccServNoRecords, radiusAccServUnknownTypes } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The collection of objects providing management of a RADIUS Accounting Server." ::= { radiusAccServMIBGroups 1 } END 5. References [1] Harrington, D., Presuhn, R., and B. Wijnen, "An Architecture for Describing SNMP Management Frameworks", RFC 2571, April 1999. [2] Rose, M., and K. McCloghrie, "Structure and Identification of Management Information for TCP/IP-based Internets", STD 16, RFC 1155, May 1990. [3] Rose, M., and K. McCloghrie, "Concise MIB Definitions", STD 16, RFC 1212, March 1991. [4] Rose, M., "A Convention for Defining Traps for use with the SNMP", RFC 1215, Performance Systems International, March 1991. Zorn & Aboba Informational [Page 11]
RFC 2621 RADIUS Accounting Server MIB June 1999 [5] McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D., Schoenwaelder, J., Case, J., Rose, M. and S. Waldbusser, "Structure of Management Information Version 2 (SMIv2)", STD 58, RFC 2578, April 1999. [6] McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D., Schoenwaelder, J., Case, J., Rose, M. and S. Waldbusser, "Textual Conventions for SMIv2", STD 58, RFC 2579, April 1999. [7] McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D., Schoenwaelder, J., Case, J., Rose, M. and S. Waldbusser, "Conformance Statements for SMIv2", STD 58, RFC 2580, April 1999. [8] Case, J., Fedor, M., Schoffstall, M., and J. Davin, "Simple Network Management Protocol", STD 15, RFC 1157, May 1990. [9] Case, J., McCloghrie, K., Rose, M., and S. Waldbusser, "Introduction to Community-based SNMPv2", RFC 1901, January 1996. [10] Case, J., McCloghrie, K., Rose, M., and S. Waldbusser, "Transport Mappings for Version 2 of the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv2)", RFC 1906, January 1996. [11] Case, J., Harrington D., Presuhn R., and B. Wijnen, "Message Processing and Dispatching for the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)", RFC 2572, April 1999. [12] Blumenthal, U., and B. Wijnen, "User-based Security Model for Version 3 of the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv3)", RFC 2574, April 1999. [13] Case, J., McCloghrie, K., Rose, M., and S. Waldbusser, "Protocol Operations for Version 2 of the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv2)", RFC 1905, January 1996. [14] Levi, D., Meyer, P., and B. Stewart, "SNMP Applications", RFC 2573, April 1999. [15] Wijnen, B., Presuhn, R., and K. McCloghrie, "View-based Access Control Model for the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)", RFC 2575, April 1999. [16] Rigney, C., "RADIUS Accounting", RFC 2139, April 1997. Zorn & Aboba Informational [Page 12]
RFC 2621 RADIUS Accounting Server MIB June 1999 6. Security Considerations There are management objects (radiusAccServConfigReset) defined in this MIB that have a MAX-ACCESS clause of read-write and/or read- create. Such objects may be considered sensitive or vulnerable in some network environments. The support for SET operations in a non- secure environment without proper protection can have a negative effect on network operations. There are a number of managed objects in this MIB that may contain sensitive information. These are: radiusAccClientAddress This can be used to determine the address of the RADIUS accounting client with which the server is communicating. This information could be useful in impersonating the client. radiusAccClientID This can be used to determine the client ID for the accounting client with which the server is communicating. This information could be useful in impersonating the client. It is thus important to control even GET access to these objects and possibly to even encrypt the values of these object when sending them over the network via SNMP. Not all versions of SNMP provide features for such a secure environment. SNMPv1 by itself is not a secure environment. Even if the network itself is secure (for example by using IPSec), there is no control as to who on the secure network is allowed to access and GET/SET (read/change/create/delete) the objects in this MIB. It is recommended that the implementers consider the security features as provided by the SNMPv3 framework. Specifically, the use of the User-based Security Model RFC 2574 [12] and the View-based Access Control Model RFC 2575 [15] is recommended. Using these security features, customer/users can give access to the objects only to those principals (users) that have legitimate rights to GET or SET (change/create/delete) them. 7. Acknowledgments The authors acknowledge the contributions of the RADIUS Working Group in the development of this MIB. Thanks to Narendra Gidwani of Microsoft, Allan C. Rubens of MERIT, Carl Rigney of Livingston and Peter Heitman of American Internet Corporation for useful discussions of this problem space. Zorn & Aboba Informational [Page 13]
RFC 2621 RADIUS Accounting Server MIB June 1999 8. Authors' Addresses Bernard Aboba Microsoft Corporation One Microsoft Way Redmond, WA 98052 Phone: 425-936-6605 EMail: bernarda@microsoft.com Glen Zorn Microsoft Corporation One Microsoft Way Redmond, WA 98052 Phone: 425-703-1559 EMail: glennz@microsoft.com Zorn & Aboba Informational [Page 14]
RFC 2621 RADIUS Accounting Server MIB June 1999 9. Full Copyright Statement Copyright (C) The Internet Society (1999). All Rights Reserved. This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it or assist in its implmentation may be prepared, copied, published and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any kind, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are included on all such copies and derivative works. However, this document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other Internet organizations, except as needed for the purpose of developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for copyrights defined in the Internet Standards process must be followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than English. The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns. This document and the information contained herein is provided on an "AS IS" basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Acknowledgement Funding for the RFC Editor function is currently provided by the Internet Society. Zorn & Aboba Informational [Page 15]

   

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